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LED Display Color depth

 

"Dimming" and "shading" refer to entirely different functions and the terms should not be interchanged. The word “dimming” refers to a uniform brightness adjustment across the entire display to correct the intensity for ease of reading different ambient light conditions. "Shading" or color depth, affects the light output variations of each individual red, green and blue LED to create images within the display.

Color depth chat

Bits per color Resulting shades per color Resulting RGB color capability 

 

Bits per color

Resulting shades per color

Resulting RGB color capability

5-bits

32

32,768

6-bits

64

262,144

8-bits

256

16.7 million

10-bits

1,024

1.07 billion

12-bits

4,096

68.7 billion

14-bits

16,384

4.4 trillion

 

25 * 25 * 25 = 32,768 colors

Calculation explanation: Each individual red, green and blue LED be in one of two states, either on or off. This example uses a color data processing of 5 bits for each color is 2 to the 5th power and multiplying each color’s depth provides the overall color depth of 32,768 colors.

 

Although "dimming" and "shading" have different meanings, some manufacturers will combine grey-scale shading values with dimming values to create a color specification that appears more impressive on paper than it is capable of producing in the field. Combining shading values with overall dimming values is a deceiving and misleading practice. Below is an incorrect calculation that includes dimming as part of the color depth:

25 * 25 * 25*32 dimming = 1 million colors


TAG:  LED Display Color depth
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